Using surface drilling data for a geologically and geomechanically constrained 3D planar frac simulator and fast reservoir simulation — application to engineered completions and well interference prevention
A. Ouenes, D. Elmadhun, S. Soza, X. Li and R. Smaoui
Journal name: First Break
Issue: Vol 36, No 7, July 2018 pp. 51 - 56
Special topic: Unconventionals & Carbon Capture and Storage
Info: Article, PDF ( 927.21Kb )
Modelling unconventional reservoirs requires increasingly complex physics to describe the phenomena that affect the performance and efficiency of horizontal wells. For example, poroelastic geomechanical simulation (Ouenes et al., 2017b) is needed to model frac hits and well interferences resulting from the presence of stress and pressure dependent natural fractures and other geologic factors that see their permeability increase during stimulation. Recent field observations related to stress relaxation required the introduction of viscoelasticity (Peterson et al., 2018) to better understand the effect of timing during fracing. Lastly, the importance of interfaces and their impact on fracture height growth required the introduction of 3D damage mechanics (Aimene et al., 2018) to model the propagation of hydraulic fractures in a more realistic rock volume that considers the layering of the various lithologies and the resulting weak interfaces that will in turn interact with hydraulic fractures. This increasing complexity in physics is also combined with the need to provide solutions very quickly, if not in real time As the physics of unconventional reservoirs becomes more complex, the data available at each well to correctly model that physics is dwindling at an alarming rate. The introduction of the continuum multiscale approach (Ouenes et al., 2017b) and the use of surface drilling data provide the unique opportunity to address both the lack of data and the increasingly complex physics. In the absence of wireline logs and seismic data, surface drilling data collected at each well is used at different scales ranging from wellbore to reservoir scale. In this process called ‘Inverse Design and Validation’, the information contained in the surface drilling data is used 1) during the drilling to optimize the landing zone and geosteering, 2) during the design of the completion to geoengineer the stages to account for the variability of the rock, and 3) to build 3D models that will allow the correct estimation of petrophysical, geomechanical properties and stresses needed in 3D planar frac simulators as well as fluid flow simulation. These various applications are examined in the next sections.