Vertical dipole CSEM: 3D acquisition and data impact from infrastructure
Journal name: First Break
Issue: Vol 37, No 11, November 2019 pp. 79 - 84
Special topic: Marine Seismic & EM
Info: Article, PDF ( 3.19Mb )
Marine CSEM methods for subsurface investigations were developed nearly 30 years ago (Cox, 1981), and have found extensive applications within the offshore hydrocarbon exploration industry over the past 15 years (e.g. Constable, 2010). These methods detect contrasts in electrical conductivity, exploiting the fact that the electrical conductivity of hydrocarbon-saturated reservoirs is significantly smaller than in the surrounding sediments (Ellingsrud et al., 2002). While marine CSEM has proven itself as a valuable tool in exploration and mapping of frontier areas, there is growing increased interest in applying CSEM for near-exploration and reservoir monitoring applications. A vertical-based time domain EM exploration method (Barsukov et al., 2007) has been developed by the Norwegian geophysical company PetroMarker, founded in 2005. In the past the method has primarily been used for exploration, but since the vertical method relies on a stationary acquisition mode with very high accuracy in transmitter positioning it allows both repeatability and freedom of operation close to existing infrastructure and installations, and in vulnerable environments. Over the past few years there have also been improvements in receiver technology, allowing efficient 3D acquisition. We will present improvements to the method and a 3D field data example. We will also present investigations of the impact of the method on field data from infrastructure.